Coronavirus: Meaning, Symptoms & Precautions

Coronavirus: How it Occurs, Symptoms & Precautions

Coronavirus (CoV), a large family of viruses is known to cause different illness stretching from common cold to critical disease outbreak. World Health Organization recommends all countries to enhance their surveillance and screening for severe symptoms that may include Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV), Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV).

Coronaviruses are zoonotic viruses that transmit between animals and human. It derives its name from the shape which resembles a solar corona or crown when analyzed using an electron microscope.

Symptoms of Coronavirus

Symptoms of Coronaviruses include different types of infections such as acute cold and running nose to sore throat and severe respiratory problems. Wuhan Coronavirus was first identified recently in 2019 in the Wuhan city of China.

Snakes, especially Chinese Cobra and Chinese Krait are considered the potential sources of Coronaviruses. It leads to an outbreak of deadly infectious respiratory disorder in the country in December 2019.

Common signs of Coronavirus include fever, shortness of breath, cough, common cold, and breathing difficulties. In severe cases, the patient may suffer from pneumonia, kidney failure, acute respiratory disorder, and even death.

Precautions to Prevent Coronavirus

Coronavirus is an acute virus infection that is difficult to cure. It is essentially important to take precautions beforehand to prevent picking up severe disease. Several precautions include regular hand washing with antibacterial soap, proper sanitization, avoid eating unprocessed or raw meat, covering nose and mouth with mask (particularly while sneezing and coughing).

Tips to Protect Yourself from Getting Sick

  • Clean hands frequently using alcohol-based hand wash, soap and water
  • Cover mouth and nose with a tissue or flexed elbow while sneezing and coughing
  • Avoid direct contact with people infected with coronaviruses or anyone having a cold, cough, or fever
  • In case you pick up cold or fever, contact your healthcare provider immediately to avoid serious circumstances
  • Avoid unprotected or direct contact with live animals when visiting the market in areas currently encountering novel coronavirus cases.
  • Avoid consumption of raw or unprocessed meat. As a safety practice, animal organs, raw meat or milk must be handled carefully to avoid cross-contamination with other uncooked food articles.

Myth Busters

Are antibiotics effective in treating and preventing the new novel coronavirus?

No, antibiotics do not work in treating or preventing Coronaviruses as they help treating bacteria and not virus. It is imperative to seek immediate medical assistance in case of a virus or bacterial infection. If hospitalized with the symptoms of a novel coronavirus, the patient may receive antibiotics as bacterial co-infection is possible with CoV.

Is there any specific medication available to treat or prevent Coronaviruses (CoV)?

No, there is no specific medication available to treat Coronaviruses (2019-nCoV).

in case of infection, the patient requires contacting healthcare provider immediately to treat and relieve symptoms of Coronaviruses and prevent trigger in persisting symptoms. The patient must receive immediate supportive care in severe illness.

Does new Coronavirus affect older people or younger people are equally susceptible?

Coronavirus can affect people of all ages; therefore, it is important to take precautionary actions beforehand to avoid infection.

Does 2019-CoV transmit from person to person?

Yes, some form of coronaviruses transmits from an infected person to another.